The Two Most Common Types of Periodontal Disease

Gum disease is a very common and potentially serious dental health problem. When one suffers from this medical condition, it means that they are experiencing an infection that directly impacts the tissues in the mouth that surround and provide support for each of the teeth.

Periodontal Disease

In its earliest stages, gum disease is a painless condition. As a result of this, many fail to realize that they are experiencing it. The two most common types are gingivitis and periodontitis. In this guide, you will learn about each of these types of periodontal disease and the symptoms associated with them.

What Causes a Person to Get Gum Disease?

Each of our mouths are loaded with various types of bacteria. When combined with the mucus and other particles that are located within the mouth, bacteria aids in the formation of plaque. This is a sticky, clear substance.

In most instances, oral hygiene measures such as brushing, flossing, and rinsing the mouth help to eliminate plaque; however, if any plaque is left on the teeth, it hardens and forms tartar. 

This substance negatively impacts the health of the tissue surrounding the teeth. If left untreated, it will also impact the teeth.

What is Gingivitis?

When the bacteria, plaque, and tartar come together, they start to cause inflammation of the gums in the mouth. This is gingivitis. The gums will start to swell, may become discolored, and will start to bleed very easily.

This is the mildest form of periodontal disease. The good news is, this form of gum disease can be reversed. One must simply revamp their oral health care regimen and ensure that they brush, floss, and rinse regularly. Additionally, they must have professional dental cleanings done by their dentist.

What is Periodontitis?

If gingivitis is left untreated, it advances into periodontitis. This indicates the presence of a high level of inflammation around each of the teeth. In this form of gum disease, the gums will start the process of pulling away from the teeth and spaces – referred to as “pockets” – start to form and become infected.

The bacteria then seep below the gum line. The body then starts to attack the bacteria to break it down. Unfortunately, this also results in the break down of the connective tissue and the bone.

Eventually, the tissue, the bones, and the gums are destroyed. As time progresses, the teeth will become loose. They may fall out or have to be professionally removed.

What are the Signs of Gum Disease?

There are many distinct signs associated with periodontal disease; however, the following are among the most common:

  1. Many will develop bad breath and regardless of what steps they take, it will not go away.
  2. The gums will become tender, swollen, red, and may bleed easily – especially when brushing.
  3. Individuals who get gum disease often find that it is very painful to chew and that they have sensitivity of the teeth.
  4. The teeth may appear to be getting longer because of the receding gums.
  5. As a result of the periodontal disease, one or more teeth may become loose.

If you suspect that you have gum disease, it is time to pursue periodontal-gum disease treatment in LaGrange. Waiting could prove to be detrimental to your dental health. To get started, contact us today at: 706-837-0123

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