Periodontal / Gum Disease Treatment

According to statistics, it accounts for approximately 70% of all cases involving tooth loss in adults, and detrimentally impacts about 80% of all individuals at some time during their lifetime.

Periodontal/Gum Disease Treatment

Periodontal disease – more commonly referred to as “gum disease” – is a type of bacterial-based infection that results in the chronic inflammation of gum tissue and the surrounding soft tissue of the mouth.

Gum Disease Affects Almost Everyone at Some Time in Their Lifetime!

According to statistics, it accounts for approximately 70% of all cases involving tooth loss in adults, and detrimentally impacts about 80% of all individuals at some time during their lifetime.

Plaque has been named as the primary culprit of periodontal disease. This is a type of film that is filled with bacteria. The bacteria then produce toxins that are highly irritating to the gums. In turn, this results in the inflammation and the onset of gingivitis.

The gum tissue then starts to break down and pull away from the teeth structures in the mouth. As a result, pockets are created which fill with higher amounts of plaque. Eventually, this toxic substance will reach the roots of the teeth and completely destroy the supporting bone structure.

Signs of Periodontal Disease

There are many signs that may indicate that periodontal disease is developing or has already developed. These include the following:

  • The gums may start to become discolored. In most instances, they turn a deep red due to swelling. As the condition progresses, the gums will become tender and possibly even painful.
  • During home oral health care – such as brushing the teeth and flossing – there may be bleeding of the gums.
  • If gum disease is present, there may be a bad taste within the mouth or the sufferer may exhibit consistent bad breath.
  • The gums may appear to be pulling away from the teeth.
  • Teeth may start to feel loose or may start developing gaps because of the fact that they are separating from one another.
  • If dentures are within the mouth, they may start to appear as if they do not fit properly.
  • Changes may start to occur with the bite or with the overall alignment of the teeth.

Treatment

Once it has been confirmed that you suffer from gum disease, a dental practitioner will use various types of procedures to treat the issue. If caught in the early stages, non-surgical options are considered appropriate. However, if the issue is caught in the advanced stages, it may be necessary to utilize surgical procedures to treat the issue. The following outlines the non-surgical and surgical options available for treatment:

  • Scaling and the process of root planning is a non-surgical treatment that involves cleaning under the gum line and smoothing out the surfaces of the roots in order to promote the healing process.
  • Issuing prescription antibiotics and/or antimicrobials are often used in conjunction with the non-surgical treatment of scaling and root planning to reverse the effects of gum disease.
  • Specially-designed periodontal maintenance and therapy sessions are non-surgical specialized deep, gentle oral cleanings that may be performed to prevent future redevelopments of gum disease.
  • A surgical approach to periodontal disease is the reduction of pocket depth. The gum tissue will be opened and all of the infectious material will be removed. In some instances, the damaged roots and bone structure may be smoothed and the process of recontouring may be performed so that the gum may reattach to bone that is considered to be healthy during the healing process.
  • The next surgical approach to treating gum disease is regeneration. This involves the use of membranes, proteins that are designed to stimulate tissues, and membranes in order to successfully regenerate gum tissue and bone.
  • A soft tissue graft is the final surgical option for treating periodontal disease. This involves taking gum tissue that is considered to be healthy inside of the mouth in order to repair the gums that are receding and to cover the root surfaces that are exposed within the mouth.

Simple Strategies to Prevent Gum Disease

There are several simple strategies that may be used to prevent the development of gum disease. The easiest and most common include the following:

  • Teeth brushing should be done at least twice a day with toothpaste that contains fluoride for anywhere from two to three minutes.
  • Flossing should be done on a daily basis.
  • Mouth rinse that is designed to eliminate plaque should be used.
  • Tobacco products should be avoided.
  • A diet that involves consuming foods that have vitamins A and C and does not include a high amount of sugar and starch is considered to be ideal for optimal oral health.
  • To prevent the onset of gum disease, gentle, professional cleanings should be done every six months and regular checkups should be scheduled.

To avoid the development of gum disease and other oral health complications, schedule your appointment with us today.

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